Gum Disease Happens in Three Stages
There are three stages of gum disease, and each stage can be easily detected with the help of a periodontist. Below, each of the stages is discussed in detail. Please remember that the best thing you can do for the long term health of your mouth is to schedule an appointment with Dr. Paul Snisky and Dr. Stephen Stein today to discuss any concerns. We have treated many patients with gum disease in Scarsdale, NY and will be happy to treat you as well.
Stage One: Gingivitis
During this stage of gum disease, plaque and bacteria begin to build up along the gum line. This creates an environment that irritates the gum tissues, causing swollen gums that may eventually begin to bleed. Gingivitis, while serious, can be reversed because no permanent damage to the jaw bone or the fibers has occurred. When gingivitis is addressed and measures are put in place to stop this stage, the gums will return to regular conditions.
Stage Two: Periodontitis
When gingivitis moves to periodontitis, the situation becomes more serious because the bone starts to incur damage. As it weakens, your teeth may become loose. Pockets generally form between the teeth and gums; these pockets attract bacteria and plaque, which often hardens into tartar. Over time, the supporting tooth structures deteriorate. This damage can be mitigated, but not reversed. Often, gum recession is an indication of periodontitis.
Stage Three: Advanced Periodontitis
By this point, bacteria in the mouth have caused destruction of bone and connective tissues that are keeping the teeth from falling out. Many times, extractions are necessary. Because damage has already been done, we will determine the best course of action to stop any further damage before discussing how to repair the basic structures of your mouth with surgical procedures.
To learn more about the stages of gum disease or to discuss your own oral health, please contact our office. Schedule your visit with Dr. Snisky and Dr. Stein today.